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TEMPUS IV JOINT PROJECT

№ 159173 –TEMPUS-I-DE – TEMPUS – JPCR

ODESSA STATE ENVIRONMENTAL

UNIVERSITY - ODESSA

ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE
2.2.3 MODELING OF SOIL CONTAMINATION, PLANT AND ANIMAL PRODUCT


Field of Science: Natural Sciences

Professional Area: 8.070801 «Ecology and Environmental Protection»

Speciality - Agroecology

Degree: Master Degree

Form of Study: Full-Time

Duration of the Studies: 1.5 year

Lecturer of the Discipline: Professor A.M. Polovyi,

Associate Professor O.L. Zhygailo


Odessa – 2010

I. PREFACE
Modelling of Soil Contamination, Plant and Animal Product studies environmental problems in agricultural production under condition of technogenesis and use of intensive technologies in this field.

The course is composed taking into account both the recent theoretical and methodological advances in systematic approach and new opportunities of modeling at solving agroecological problems as consequences of nature-society interactions.

The discipline forms theoretical and methodological apparatus, summarizes agroecological scientific and practical activity data. The syllabus is developed pursuant to the typical «Statute of Organization of Educational Process at Higher Educational Establishments».

The course aims at students’ mastering the modelling method and the scope of its possible use at making assessment of contamination in the soil – plant – product – animal – product system, drawing up multipurpose projects and making rational decisions. The course is a theoretical basis for production of environmentally pure foodstuff.

The study of the discipline is based on principles of integration of theoretical and practical background acquired by the master degree students during the study of general fundamental disciplines (Mathematics, General Inorganic an Colloid Chemistry, Physics, General Ecology, Soil Science) and normative disciplines for specific purposes (Agricultural Meteorology, Atmosphere Physics, Land-Reclamation, Monitoring of Soil-and-Plant Cover Pollution, Modelling Water-Heat Regime and Productivity of Agroecosystems etc.).

The discipline is aimed at teaching systematic approach in modelling agroecosystems, methods of mathematical modelling pollution of soils, plants, primary and secondary biological products; calculation of the value of agricultural indices; to determine agroecosystem pollution by means of body of mathematics.

The study of the discipline presupposes lectures and practical studies and self-studies of the master degree students.

On the basis of the acquired background a master degree student shall be able to estimate ecological situations taking account of pollutants, analyze and assess the received observation data, work out recommendations on improvement conditions.

The discipline is fully provided with the syllabi, the study guides, the textbooks and tutorials.

In order to control the current and the sustained background tests have been developed, modular control of students’ knowledge of theoretical and skills in practical material, as well as an examination, are carried out.

Methods of control of the master degree students’ background are based on division of the discipline syllabus into individual logically associated module units which include estimation of the students’ gaining the knowledge and mastering the skills upon completion of these modules. The discipline syllabus is divided into 3 units.

^ II. DIVISION OF THE DISCIPLINE INTO UNITS


MODULE 2.2.3.1

MODULE 2.2.3.2

MODULE 2.2.3.3

Systematic Analysis and Methods of Environmental Pollution Modelling

1. Evolution of Natural Systems and Environmental Pollution Modelling

2. Basic Notions and Stages of Systematic Analysis

3. Methods of Systematic Analysis and Prognostication of Environmental Conditions

4. Modelling the State of Environmental Conditions on the Principles of Self-Organization

5. Modelling Ecological Processes on the Basis of Spline Function Authentication

6. Hierarchical Systems for Environmental Condition Analysis and Making a Decision


Soil Pollution Modelling

1. Soil as an Initial Unit for Migration of Pollutants into an Agroecosystem

2. Modelling of Heavy Metal Soil Pollution

3. Modelling of Pesticide Soil Pollution

4. Modelling of Reclamation Process Impact on the Soil

5. Modelling of Radionuclide Soil Contamination

Modelling of Plant and Animal Product Contamination

1. Modelling of Heavy Metal Migration Processes in the Soil-Vegetable Systems

2. Modelling of Productivity, Environmental Purity and Quality of Crops

3. Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in the «Soil – Plant» System

4. Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in Salix viminalis (Velvet Osier) Plantings at Phytorehabilitation of Contaminated Land in the Chernobyl Zone

5. Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in the «Water – Soil – Plant – Product» System

6. Modelling of Radionuclide Transport in the Agrosphere

7. Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in Food Chains

8. Assessment of Population Exposure to Irradiation Doses due to Water Ways of Radionuclide Migration


125 hours of academic work – 5 credits

^ III. DISTRIBUTION OF ACADEMIC TIME




Code



Lecturer



Exam (form)

Навчальний час



Hours Total



Credits



Lectures

Practical Studies (Seminars)



Self Studies

2.2.3

O.L. Zhygailo, PhD (Geogr.), Associate Professor

Credit Test

32

32

61

125

5



^ IV. TABLE OF THE DISCIPLINE CONTENTS


Theme #

Description

Academic Hours

2.2.3.1

Systematic Analysis and Methods of Environmental Pollution Modelling




1

Evolution of Natural Systems and Environmental Pollution Modelling

1

2

Basic Notions and Stages of Systematic Analysis

1

3

Methods of Systematic Analysis and Prognostication of Environmental Conditions

1

4

Modelling the State of Environmental Conditions on the Principles of Self-Organization

1

5

Modelling Ecological Processes on the Basis of Spline Function Authentication

1

6

Hierarchical Systems for Environmental Condition Analysis and Making a Decision

1

2.2.3.2

Soil Pollution Modelling




1

Soil as an Initial Unit for Migration of Pollutants into an Agroecosystem

2

2

Modelling of Heavy Metal Soil Pollution

2

3

Modelling of Pesticide Soil Pollution

2

4

Modelling of Reclamation Process Impact on the Soil

2

5

Modelling of Radionuclide Soil Contamination

2

2.2.3.3

Modelling of Plant and Animal Product Contamination




1

Modelling of Heavy Metal Migration Processes in the Soil-Vegetable Systems

2

2

Modelling of Productivity, Environmental Purity and Quality of Crops

2

3

Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in the «Soil – Plant» System

2

4

Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in ^ Salix viminalis (Velvet Osier) Plantings at Phytorehabilitation of Contaminated Land in the Chernobyl Zone

2

5

Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in the «Water – Soil – Plant – Product» System

2

6

Modelling of Radionuclide Transport in the Agrosphere

2

7

Modelling of Radionuclide Migration in Food Chains

2

8

Assessment of Population Exposure to Irradiation Doses due to Water Ways of Radionuclide Migration

2


V. Practical and Seminar Studies


Theme #

Description

Academic Hours

1

Calculation and Assessment of Heavy Metal Agroecosystem Pollution

8

2

Assessment of Heavy Metal Influence on Human Health

4

3

Assessment of Agrochemical Agent Pollution of the «Soil-Plant» System

8

4

Environmental and Toxicological Assessment of Radionuclide Pollution of Plant and Animal Products

6

5

Seminar. Dynamic Models of Agroecosystem Pollution

2

6

Seminar. Migration of Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Soil-and-Plant Cover

2

7

Seminar. Modelling Agroecosystem Pollution under Irrigation Conditions

2


^ VI. FORMS OF EXTRA-CURRICULA STUDIES
1. Methods – 30 hours
1. Study of methods for modelling pollution of soils, plant and animal products - 15 hours.

2. Study of methods for assessment of agricultural land and foodstuff pollution - 10 hours.

3. Preparation and fulfillment of home tasks on a topic of choice - 5 hours.
^ 2. Preparation for and writing library-research papers – 16 hours
To consolidate the background acquired at a lecture, practical and seminar studies, students fulfill independent scientific and library-research paper on a topic, selected from the ones offered by a teacher. A student uses the recommended literature and the information obtained through the Internet. A paper must be submitted as a printed version of 7 – 10 sheets (A-4 format). The submitted work is to be defended by a student during his seminar studies.
^ 3. Student self-preparation for current

control of the studied topics – 15 hours
Current control is carried out in the form of a written test on each of the modules. In accordance with the normative documents, 5 hours are assigned for preparation to each of the tests.
^ V. STUDY techniques
Study of the discipline presupposes lectures, laboratory-and-practical and seminar studies. Seminars take place in the form of discussions between a lecturer and master degree students on the topics which were delivered at lectures, cosidered at laboratory and practical studies and dealt with during the self study of the discipline units.

During a semester current control of the knowledge in the form of written tests is exercised.

The study of the discipline ends with a written examination. Evaluation is carried out using the seven-point system. The results of the examination are announced no later than 2 days upon sitting the examination.

LITERATURE


  1. Zhygailo, O.L., 2009: A Study Guide on the Discipline of "Modelling of Anthropogenic Pollution of Soils and Methods of Control" for Master Degree Students (5th year) in "Meteorology" and "Ecology". OSENU, Odessa, 36 pp. (In Ukrainian)

Жигайло О.Л. Методичні вказівки до виконання практичних робіт з дисципліни "Моделювання антропогенного забруднення ґрунтів та методи контролю" для магістрів V курсу аспірантської та магістерської підготовки з спеціальності "Метеорологія" й "Екологія". - Одеса, ОДЕКУ, 2009 р., 36 с.


  1. Zhygailo, O.L., 2005: Modelling of Anthropogenic Pollution of Soil-Vegetable Cover and Methods of Their Control: Summary of Lectures. Odessa, 107 pp. (In Ukrainian)

Жигайло О.Л. Моделювання антропогенного забруднення ґрунтово-рослинного покриву та методи його контролю: Конспект лекцій. – Одеса, 2005. – 107 с.


  1. Izrael, Yu.A., 1984: Ecology and Control of the Natural Environment. 2nd ed. Hydrometeorological Publishing House, Moscow, 560 pp. (In Russian)

Израэль Ю.А. Экология и контроль состояния природной среды. 2-е изд. – М.: Гидрометеоиздат, 1984. – 560 с.


  1. Kovalchuk, P.I., 2003: Modeling and Forecasting the State of the Environment. A Tutorial. Lybіd, Kiev, 208 pp. (In Ukrainian)

Ковальчук П. І. Моделювання і прогнозування стану навколишнього середовища: Навч. Посібник. – К.: Либідь, 2003. – 208 с.


  1. Marchuk, G.I., 1982: Mathematical Modelling to Address Environmental Issues. Science, Moscow, 319 pp. (In Russian)

Марчук Г.И. Математическое моделирование в проблеме окружающей среды. – М.: Наука, 1982. – 319 с.


  1. Poriadin, N. D., Khovanskiy, A. D., ed., 1996: Assessment and Management of Environmental Quality. Priboi, Moscow. (In Russian)

Оценка и регулирование качества окружающей природной среды / Под ред. Н.Д. Порядина, А.Д. Хованского. – М.: Прибой, 1996.


  1. Polevoy, A.N., 1993: Modelling Crop Productivity Formation under Conditions of Radioactive Contamination of Agroecosystems. // Meteorology and Hydrology. № 3, pp. 97 - 105. (In Russian)

Полевой А.Н. Моделирование процесса формирования продуктивности зерновых культур в условиях радиоактивного загрязнения агроэкосистем. // Метеорология и гидрология. – 1993, № 3. с. 97 – 105


  1. Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine, 1992: Maximum Permissible Concentrations (MPC) of Chemical Substances in Soils and Permissible Levels of their Content by the Hazard Indices (as of 01 January 1991). (In Russian)

Предельно-допустимые концентрации (ПДК) химических веществ в почвах и допустимые уровни их содержания по показателям вредности (по состоянию на 1.01.1991 г.). – Мин. Охраны окружающей среды Украины. – 1992.


  1. Gvishiani, D. M., Novick, I. B., Pegov, S.A., ed., 1986: The Nature of Models and Models of the Nature. Thought, Moscow, 270 pp. (In Russian)

Природа моделей и модели природы/ Под. ред. Д.М. Гвишиани, И.Б. Новика, С.А. Пегова. – М.: Мысль, 1986 – 270 с.


  1. Prokhorov, V.M., 1981: Migration of Radioactive Contaminants in the Soil. Physico-chemical Mechanisms and Modelling. Ed. R. Aleksakhin. Energoizdat, Moscow, 98 pp. (In Russian)

Прохоров В.М. Миграция радиоактивных загрязнений в почвах. Физико-химические механизмы и моделирование. /Под ред. Р.М. Алексахина. М.: Энергоиздат, 1981. – 98 с.


  1. Voitsekhovich, O.V., ed., 1988: Radioecology of Water Bodies in the Zone of Influence by Chernobyl Disaster. VІPOL, Kiev, 227 pp. (In Russian)

Радиоэкология водных объектов зоны влияния аварии на Чернобыльской АЭС. /Под ред. О.В. Войцеховича. - Киев: ВІПОЛ, 1988. т.2. – 227с.


  1. Safranov, T. A., Polevoy, A. N., Konіkov, E. G., Rotar, M. F., Іljina, V. G., Paevska, L. A., Suchkov, I.O., 2003: Anthropogenic Pollution of Geological Environment and Soil-Vegetable Cover. A Tutorial. "TES" Publishing House, Odessa, 260 pp. (In Ukrainian)

Сафранов Т.А., Польовий А.М., Коніков Є.Г., Ротар М.Ф., Ільїна В.Г., Паєвська Л.А., Сучков І.О. Антропогенне забруднення геологічного середовища та грунтово-рослинного покриву: Навчальний посібник. – Одеса, Вид-во “ТЭС”, 2003. – 260 с.

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