Методическое пособие для детей




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Донецкая общеобразовательная школа № 90


Прошедшее простое время

(Методическое пособие для детей)

Подготовила: Учитель английского языка Гамбург В. В.


Донецк 2014


Аннотация.

Данное методическое пособие предназначено для детей младшего школьного возраста. Ребята с первого класса начинают знакомиться с новым и неизведанным миром иностранного языка. Любознательность ребёнка не имеет границ, желание узнать всё и сразу удивляет взрослых. Начиная с третьего класса, дети сталкиваются с миром английской грамматики. Правила скучны и непонятны детям. Кроме того, дети на данном этапе обучения не оперируют грамматическими категориями в полном объеме. На помощь учителю приходит его фантазия и творчество. Превратить изучение грамматики в знакомство со сказочными героями, фантастическими существами, путешествия - это главная задача любого учителя.
Ребёнок в моём понимании, это фейерверк. Он загорается от одной искры, будь то интересная игра или одобрительная улыбка учителя. Но вот как долго будет гореть этот фейерверк, каким стремительным будет его полёт и каким ярким будет его взрыв, зависит только от учителя.

Гамбург В. В.


(Past Simple Tense)-

Простое прошедшее время обозначает действия, которые произошли в прошлом.


Слова-спутники

прошедшего времени:

yesterday - вчера

the day before yesterday - позавчера

last month – в прошлом месяце

last year – в прошлом году

last week – на прошлой неделе

a year ago – год назад

a week ago – неделю назад

in 2014 – в 2014 году
Past Simple Tense

Все глаголы делятся на

правильные Regular verbs и неправильные Irregular verbs.


Правильные

like – liked

watch – watched

play – played

count – counted

Неправильные

sleep – slept

swim – swam

go – went

have – had





V → V + ed

Help + ed → helped

Play + ed → played

Cry + ed → cried

Stop + ed → stopped

Travel + ed → travelled



[id]

Attended

Decided

Acted

Visited

needed

[d]

Opened

Closed

Tried

Lived

studied

[t]

Worked

Cooked

Checked

Helped

Mixed



let – let - let

make – made – made

meet – met – met

put – put- put

read – read - read

see – saw - seen

sit – sat - sat

speak – spoke - spoken

sleep – slept - slept

take -took – taken

tell – told – told

think – thought – thought

win – won – won

write – wrote – written

be – was/were - been

begin – began - begun

bring – brought - brought

buy – bought - bought

build – built- built

come – came - come

do – did - done

drink – drank - drunk

eat – ate - eaten

get – got - got

give – gave - given

go – went - gone

have – had - had

know – knew - known





Helper.



Dig-dug-dug мы огород,

(копали)

Come-came-comeтуда народ

(приходит)

Мы сказали: «Go-went-gone

(уходите, идти)

Это вам не дискотека.







Мы с врагами fight-fought-fought

(сражались, дрались)

Их в ловушку catch-caught-caught

(ловили, поймать)

День удачу нам bring-brought-brought

(приносит)

Мы награду get-got-got.

(получаем)




Если зайцев bite-bit-bitten

(покусать, кусать)

Не давать им eat-ate-eaten

(есть)

Они скоро learn-learnt-learnt

(научатся, учиться)

Лихо спички burn-burnt-burnt

(зажигать)




Если друга meet-met-met,

(встретил)

Его крепко keep-kept-kept

(держать)

Ну, а если lose-lost-lost

(потерять, терять)

То того он cost-cost-cost.

(стоить)




Самолеты fly-flew-flown.

(летают, летать)

Наши дети grow-grew-grown

(растут, расти)

Ну, а ветер blow-blew-blown,

(дует, дуть)

Обо всем он know-knew-known.






To write - wrote - written,
To eat - ate - eaten,
To speak - spoke - spoken,
To break - broke - broken.

To come - came - come,
To become - became - become,
To run - ran - run,
To swim - swam - swum.

To know - knew - known,
To throw - threw - thrown,
To blow - blew - blown,
To fly - flew - flown.

To sing - sang - sung,
To ring - rang - rung,
To hide - hid - hidden,
To bite - bit - bitten.

To send - sent - sent,
To spend - spent - spent,
To sleep - slept - slept,
To keep - kept - kept.
To tell - told - told,
To sell - sold - sold,
To teach - taught - taught,
To catch - caught - caught.

To fight - fought - fought,
To think - thought - thought,
To buy - bought - bought,
To bring - brought - brought.


^ Глагол – связка to be.


I was

You were

He was

She was

We were

You were

They were

Чтобы задать вопрос на помощь приходит вспомогательный глагол

Did


Как задать вопрос? Если в предложении стоит глагол – связка to be.


on the farm.

was

I



Was

on the farm

?

I


^ Чтобы составить отрицательное предложение на помощь приходит вспомогательный глагол

did и частица not

did + not= didn`t


A bee

yesterday

flew



didn`t

fly

yesterday

A bee



^ Как составить отрицание? Если в предложении стоит глагол – связка to be.
Отрицательные формы

was not = wasn’t

were not = weren’t

Задания.


Образуйте форму прошедшего времени
live enjoy stay

advise treat remember

study use organize

hate love obey

wrap print



Give the second form of the verbs.

to meet-                       to play-        to open-

to go-                           to say-         to read-

to be-                           to write-         to see-

to take-                        to like-         to give-

to live-                         to count-         to look-

to get-                           to bring-         to tell
Give the first form of the verbs.

took-                            did-                         loved-

were-         wrote-         said-

lived-         skied-         looked-

answered-         had-         came-

gave-         was-         saw-

danced-         skated-         wanted-

^ Разложите слова в сундучки в соответствии с правилом

painted played finished

wanted smiled walked

learned collected cried skated
smiled skated looked

[t] [d] [id]


Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужную форму



  1. I … my hands and face. (wash)

  2. Children… in a local hospital. (help)

  3. We … in the river in summer. (swim)

  4. Tom … his friend last week. (meet)

  5. My sister … dinner yesterday. (cook)

1. He (to come) to school after the first lesson yesterday.

2. The weather (to be) cold last week.

3. When I (to be) a little girl I (to spend) summer in the village.

4. Why did you (to return) so late home yesterday?

5. I (to get) two good marks in English two days ago.

6. The children did not (to study) English two days ago.

7. Where (to be) you at three o’clock p.m. yesterday? I  (to be) at home.
Translate words in brackets into English.
1. (Неделю назад) we wrote a dictation in English.

2. (Недавно) the children went to the cinema.

3. The boys played football in the yard (вчера).

4. (Прошлое воскресенье) went to the village to see our grandmother.

5. ( Давно) my grandparents lived in the town of Minsk.


Say where you and your family were. Use the table.


Yesterday

Yesterday afternoon

Last year

Three days ago

A week ago

Last Sunday

I

my mother

we

my sister ( brother)

my father

was

were

at home

at school

at the library

at the cinema

at work

at the theatre



^ Поставь предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.

? and -

Children played hockey yesterday.

We skated in the yard last month.

She helped her mother yesterday.

They were at home at that time.

He read the text yesterday.

Sam washed her hands at that time.

Tom cleaned the room at that time.

We told the story last week.

Kate played in the yard.

I was at home at that time.

The children were in the park in the morning.

He opened the window.

Запиши предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.
^ They met the travel agent at the station.

?__________________________________________________________________

- _________________________________________________________________

Father told me an interesting story.

?___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

The plane flew away from India.

?___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

Ann went to the new school.

? ___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

^ I got up at 6 o’clock yesterday.

? ____________________________________________________________________

- ____________________________________________________________________

Teacher read the story about the cat.

? ____________________________________________________________________

- _____________________________________________________________________

Ron played with a dog.

? ____________________________________________________________________

- ____________________________________________________________________

Tim lived in Kyiv.

? ___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

She won a musical competition.

? ___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

He put a warm sweater on.

? ___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

I saw a beautiful flower here.

? ___________________________________________________________________

- ___________________________________________________________________

He had sugar in his tea.

? ___________________________________________________________________

-____________________________________________________________________




Past Simple

  1. Write the Past of these verbs.

Get __________ play ___________ make _______________

Eat __________ give ___________ leave _______________

See __________ go ____________ hear _______________

Find ___________ buy ___________ know _______________

Stand __________ take ___________ do _________________

Put ____________ tell ____________ lose ________________

Think __________ speak __________ have ________________


  1. ^ Write the sentences about the Past(yesterday/ last week)

a. He always goes to work by car.__________________________________________________ b. They always get up early. _____________________________________________________

c. Bill often loses his keys. ______________________________________________________

d. I write a letter to Jane every week. _____________________________________________

e. She meets her friends every evening. ___________________________________________

f. I usually read two newspapers every day. ________________________________________

g. They come to my house every Friday. ___________________________________________

h. We usually go to the cinema on Sunday. _________________________________________

i. Tom always has a shower in the morning. ________________________________________

j. They buy a new car every day. _________________________________________________

k. I eat an orange every day. ____________________________________________________

l. We usually do our shopping on Monday. _________________________________________

m. Ann often takes photographs. _________________________________________________

n. We leave home at 8.30 every morning. __________________________________________

3.What did you do yesterday?

1. (watch TV)_______________________________________________________________

2. (get up before 7.30)________________________________________________________

3. (have a shower)___________________________________________________________

4. (buy a magazine)__________________________________________________________

5. (speak English)___________________________________________________________

6. (do an examination)________________________________________________________

7. (eat meat)________________________________________________________________

8. (go to bed before 10.30)_____________________________________________________



  1. Write questions with Who/What/How/Why….?

1. I met somebody. Who__________________________________?

2. Harry arrived. What time_______________________________?

3. They wanted something. What _________________________________?

4. It cost a lot of money. How much ______________________________?

5. We had dinner. What _____________________________
Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужную форму



1. Yesterday he (to wash)  his face at a quarter past seven.

2. I ( to work)  at school 3 years ago

3. We ( to study)  at university in 1998.

4. My mother (not to like)  milk in her childhood.

5. Our children ( to play)  football last year

6. You (to like) your school? 

7. You ( to work) at the hospital last week? 

8. We ( not to rest)  yesterday

9. My friend (to live)  in America 2 years ago.

10. You (to live) in this house last year? 

11. Where you (to study)? 

12. Your mother (to cook) supper yesterday? 

13. I (not to cook )  my breakfast.

14. You ( to prepare ) your homework? 

15.I ( to help)  my Granny at the garden.



Поставьте глаголы в следующих предложениях в утвердительную, вопросительную и отрицательную формы Past Simple.

1. I (to do) morning exercises.
2. He (to work) at a factory.
3. She (to sleep) after dinner.
4. We (to work) part-time.
5. They (to drink) tea every day.
6. Mike (to be) a student.
7. Helen (to have) a car.
8. You (to be) a good friend.
9. You (to be) good friends.
10. It (to be) difficult to remember everything.
Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple.

1. Alice (to have) a sister.
2. Her sister’s name (to be) Ann.
3. Ann (to be) a student.
4. She (to get) up at seven o'clock.
5. She (to go) to the institute in the morning.
6. Jane (to be) fond of sports.
7. She (to do) her morning exercises every day.
8. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea.
9. After breakfast she (to go) to the institute.
10. Sometimes she (to take) a bus.
11. It (to take) her an hour and a half to do her homework.
12. She (to speak) English well.
13. Her friends usually (to call) her at about 8 o’clock.
14. Ann (to take) a shower before going to bed.
15. She (to go) to bed at 11 p. m.

Используйте слова в скобках для образования предложений в Past Simple. Обратите внимание, в какой форме должно стоять предложение (утвердительной, вопросительной или отрицательной).

1) They _____ football at the institute. (to play)
2) She _____ emails. (not / to write)
3) ____ you____ English? (to speak)
4) My mother ____ fish. (not / to like)
5) ____ Ann ____ any friends? (to have)
6) His brother _____ in an office. (to work)
7) She ___ very fast. (cannot / to read)
8) ____ they ____ the flowers every 3 days? (to water)
9) His wife _____ a motorbike. (not / to ride)
10) ____ Elizabeth_____ coffee? (to drink)

Вставьте глагол “to be” в требуемой форме Past Simple.

1. I ... a student.
2. My father ... not a shop-assistant, he ... a scientist.
3. ... your aunt a nurse? - Yes, she ... .
4. ... they at home? - No, they ... not. They ... at school.
5. ... you an engineer? - Yes, I....
6. ... your friend a photographer? No, she ... not a photographer, she ... a student.
7. ... your brothers at school? - Yes, they ... .
8. ... this her watch? - Yes, it ... .
9. Max ... an office-worker.
10. We ... late, sorry!

Поставьте глагол в форму прошедшего времени

1) She (bring)__________ some chocolates to the party. .

2) I (hear) __________  a new song on the radio. .

3) I (read) __________ three books last week. .

4) They (speak) __________ French to the waitress. .

5) He (understand) ________ during the class, but now he doesn’t understand. .

6) I (forget) __________  to buy some milk. .

7) She (have) __________  a baby in June. .

8) You (lose) __________  your keys last week. .

9) They (swim) __________  500m. .

10) I (give) __________  my mother a CD for Christmas. .

11) At the age of 23, she (become) __________  a doctor. .

12) I (know) __________ the answer yesterday. .

13) He (tell) __________ me that he lived in Toronto. .

14) We (lend) __________  John £200. .

15) She (drink) __________  too much coffee yes terday. .

16) The children (sleep) __________  in the car. .

17) He (keep) __________  his promise. .

18) I (choose) __________  steak for dinner. .

19) The film (begin) __________  late. .

20) We (fly) __________  to Sydney. .

21) They (drive) __________  to Beijing. .

22) He (teach) __________ English at the University. .

23) I (send) __________ you an email earlier. .

24) We (leave) __________ the house at 7a.m.. .
^ Kevin and Kyle


There (be) a pond in a village. There (be) fish, frogs and other small water creatures in that pond. Two fish named Kevin and Kyle (be) friends. They (live) happily in the pond. Kevin (have) orange colored fins. It (be) fast in swimming. Kyle (have) yellow colored fins. It (be) slow in swimming. One day, they (see) a big fish. The big fish too (see) them. It (want) to eat them. Kevin and Kyle (be) afraid. Kevin (swim) fast but Kyle (can) not. Kevin (drag) Kyle along with him and (swim) fast. They (can) escape from the big fish. Kyle (be) glad. He (thank) Kevin.

Начало формы

Конец формы

Конец формы

Put the verb in brackets into Past Simple.


  1. 1. I (be) very ill last week.

  2. 2. The old woman (fall) as she was crossing the street.

  3. 3. When the bell (ring) , all the children jumped from their seats and (run) out.

  4. 4. She (sleep) well last night.

  5. 5. They (choose) cream paint for the floor and apricot for the walls.

  6. 6. They(begin) painting but (find) that the walls were too wet.

  7. 7. In two minutes Ann (come) back and helped him.

  8. 8. Last night my friend and I (have) some free time.

  9. 9. A month ago my uncle (build) a new house in the country.

  10. 10. He (write) several letters last month.

  11. 11. She (go) home an hour ago.

  12. 12. We (wake up) late on Sunday.

  13. 13. Our students (read) a lot of English books last year.

  14. 14. He (take) his son out on Monday evening.

  15. 15. The chief (speak) to us about the plan yesterday.



Ex. 2. Переведите предложения на английский язык, обращая внимание на время глагола-сказуемого.


  1. 1. Когда ваш адвокат вернулся в Москву? – Он вернулся в Москву три дня тому назад.

  2. 2. Кто уехал в Турцию на прошлой неделе? - Госпожа Иванова.

  3. 3. Борис прочитал четвертое предложение очень хорошо.

  4. 4. Макс пошел к доске, написал предложение, прочитал его и вернулся (пошел обратно) к своему столу.

  5. 5. Какое упражнение вы сделали дома вчера? - Упражнение двадцатое.

  6. 6. Поговорите об этом с моим другом, он вчера приехал из Лондона.

  7. 7. Как ваши студенты говорили по-английски в прошлом году?

  8. 8. Когда ваша сестра приехала в Москву? - Три года тому назад.

  9. 9. Что вы делали на уроке вчера? - Мы читали тексты и делали упражнения, говорили по-английски с нашим преподавателем и переводили предложения с русского языка на английский.

  10. 10. Когда вы получили это письмо? - Вчера утром.


Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present или Past Simple.

1. I (to go) to the gym at seven o'clock every day.
2. I (to go) to the gym at seven o'clock yesterday.
3. John (to clean) his teeth every morning at 7.30 o’clock.
4. Yesterday John (to clean) his teeth at a half past seven in the morning.
5. Jane (not to do) English exercises every day.
6. Jane (not to do) English exercises yesterday.
7. His brother (to drink) coffee with milk every day.
8. His brother (to drink) coffee with milk yesterday.
9. Her husband (to like) his job. He (to go) to his office by bus. He (to go) to the office at 9 am every day.
10. Her husband usually (to go) to his office by bus. He (to come) to the office at 9.30 am yesterday.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present или Past Simple.

1. I (to study) English every day.
2. You (to come) to my place yesterday?
3. He (to live) in Dubai.
4. How long it (to take) you to get to the City Mall?
5. What you (to study) every Friday?
6. We (to have) dinner with my family yesterday.
7. His computer (to be) ready yesterday.
8. My friend (to like) running in the park every morning.
9. Their family (to invite) everybody to the party last week.
10. Jesse always (to come) to work early.

 
Содержание
Аннотация……………………………………………………………………………….. 2

Слова-спутники……………………………………………………………………….. 3

Правильные глаголы ……………………………………………………………… 6

Неправильные глаголы ………………………………………………………….. 8

Помощник……………………………………………………………………………….. 9

Глагол связка to be…………………………………………………………………. 12

Вопросительная форма……………………………………………………………13

Отрицательная форма……………………………………………………………..15

Задания ……………………………………………………………………………………17





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Методическое пособие предназначено для студентов специальности «Спортивный менеджмент», преподавателей, аспирантов. В пособии рассматривается...

Методическое пособие для детей iconНаучно-методическое пособие удк 681. 3 Ббк 73 я 43 + 32. 973
Мониторинг новостей из Интернет: технология, система, сервис: научно-методическое пособие. – Киев. Инжинириг, 2007. – 40 с

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